• Biology,  Zoology

    Animal Kingdom

    Animal Kingdom covers about 35-phyla, of which 11 are considered to be major phyla. In major phyla, 10 are from Non-chordates and 1 from chordates. The 11-major phyla are – Phylum Protozoa: single-celled (solitary or colonial)Eukaryotes Phylum Porifera: Sponges Phylum Cnidaria: Jellyfishes and sea anemones Phylum Ctenophora*: Comb jellies Phylum Platyhelminthes: Flat warms Phylum Aschelminthes: Roundworms or threadworms. Phylum Annelida: Segmented worms (Earthworm, Leech etc.) Phylum Arthropoda: Jointed legged-invertebrates Phylum Mollusca: Snails, bivalves, octopus etc. Phylum Echinodermata: Seastar, Brittle star, Sea lily etc. Phylum Chordata: Protochordates and vertebrates (*As Ctenophora includes less than 100 species, it is generally considered as a Minor Phylum with Rotifera, Phoronida, Brachiopoda and Gastrotricha etc.).…

  • Biology


    In this lesson, we discussing five kingdom classification. Five kingdom classification is proposed by R.H.Whittaker in 1969. the kingdom defined by him were named┬áMonera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia. In this lesson, we show a brief introduction to these kingdoms for more information on kingdom please visit a particular lesson on that kingdom. Main Criteria used for this classification are┬ácell structure, thallus organization, mode of nutrients, reproduction and phylogenetic relationship. Besides these major characteristics, he has also given importance to characters of ecological role-played and mode of reproduction. Major criteria on which five-kingdom classification is based Criterion Kingdom Monera Protista Plantae Fungi Animalia Cell type Prokaryotic Eukaryotic Eukaryotic Eukaryotic Eukaryotic…


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