• Genetics,  Q & A


    Q 1. Define cell cycle Ans. The sequence of events by which cell duplicates its genome, synthesis of other constituents of the cell and eventually divides into two daughters cell. Q2. Name the phases of cell cycle Ans. A) Interphase B) M Phase Q3. What is the G1phase of the interphase? Ans. The G1 phase Corresponds to interval between mitosis & initiation of DNA replication. Q4. Which phase follows the S phase in the cell cycle? Ans. G2 Phase Q5. What is mitosis? Ans. Cell divides equally to produce identical daughter cell so that they receive an equal number of chromosomes as that of its parents cell.  Q6. What is meiosis? Ans. It…

  • Biochemistry,  Cell biology,  Q & A

    What is the function of the cell membrane?

    The cell membrane is otherwise called a Plasma membrane. It may be defined as the thin, elastic, semipermeable living membrane that serves as a boundary for the Cytoplasm. The Cell membrane is made up of glycoproteins and phospholipids. The Functions of the Cell membrane are as follows: Cell membrane or Plasma membrane is a semipermeable membrane present around the Protoplasm. It acts as a boundary to the cell. It gives a definite shape to the Cell. It gives Mechanical support to the Cell. It protects cell contents. It regulates the exchange of materials into and out of the cell. The Sites for cell recognition are located on the surface of the Plasma…

  • Q & A


    Q1. What is life span? Ans: Life span is the period from birth to natural death of an organism. Q2. Define clone. Ans: The individuals that are morphologically and genetically similar to the parent are called clone. Q3. Mention the different means/ methods of asexual reproduction with example. Ans:  Cell division – Protista, Monera Binary fission – Amoeba, Paramecium Budding – Yeast Zoospores (microscopic motile endogenous spores) – aquatic fungi, chlamydomonas Conidia (microscopic immotile exogenous spores)- pencillium External buds – hydra Internal buds like gemmules – sponges (spongilla) Q4.Unicellular organisms are immortal. Justify. Ans: Single celled organisms like amoeba & bacteria reproduce by cell division and there is no natural…

  • Biochemistry,  Q & A


    Q1.  What is the approximate percentage (in mass) of water in the human body? Is this percentage expected to be larger in the adult or in the old individual?  Ans: Approximately 65% of the human individual mass is water. The brain, for example, has around 90% of water in mass, the muscles, 85%, and the bones have between 25% and 40% of water. Younger adult individuals have proportionally more water in mass than older individuals. Q2.  What are the main biological functions of water? Ans: Water is the fundamental solvent for chemical reactions of living beings; it is the main means of substance transportation in the cell and between cells…

  • Q & A


    Q1) Name the associated structure of companion cell. Ans: Sieve tube cell Q2) Name an enucleated plant cell. Ans: Sieve tube cell Q3) Name the conductory elements of xylem. Ans: Tracheary elements- Tracheids and Vessels (tracheae)  Q4) What is periderm? Ans: Phellogen, Phellum and Phelloderm are collectively called as Periderm Q5) What is annual ring? Ans: Springwood and autumn wood that appear as alternate concentric rings constitute an annual ring.  Q6) Name the meristem which is responsible for growth in diameter of the cortex. Ans: Cork Cambium Q7) What is intrafascicular cambium? Ans: Cells of cambium present between primary xylem and primary phloem. Q8) What is interfascicular cambium? Ans: The…


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