• Human anatomy

    An overview of Pituitary Gland

    It is called master gland (master of endocrine orchestra) as it regulates the functioning of other endocrine glands like thyroid, Adrenal cortex, testes and ovaries etc. However, the secretions of pancreas, thymus and pineal body are not regulated by the hormones of the pituitary. Pituitary is a single or unpaired gland weighing about 0.5 gm. It is present in the ‘Sella tursica’ cavity of Basi-sphenoid bone and is attached to the floor of Diencephalon (hypothalamus) of forebrain through a stalk called Infundibulum. As it is present below diencephalon of fore-brain it is also known as Hypophysis cerebri. In mammals, it is ectodermal in origin. It consists of two-parts – (1)…

  • Human alimentary tract
    Biology,  Human anatomy

    Human Digestive Enzymes

    Human digestive enzymes are mainly synthesized in the salivary glands and in the pancreas As we’ve discussed, enzymes are made up of amino acids found in proteins so a ready supply of these building blocks is required to ensure there are optimal levels of digestive enzymes at all times. Digestive enzymes are mixed in the saliva and pancreatic juices and are released into the mouth and small intestines, respectively, to support digestion of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. Their synthesis and release occur via carefully orchestrated and tightly controlled hormone systems that are activated not just when food hits our taste buds but also by the sight, smell and sound of…

  • Biology,  Human anatomy

    What is the function of Earwax in the Human Body?

    The earwax is very useful substance which keeps our ears healthy and is produced naturally in the ear. This wax is found not only in humans, but also in animals. It cleans, protects and lubricates the ears. Let us study through this article about earwax, its function etc. Important facts about Earwax 1. The scientific name of the earwax is cerumen. It is formed in the outer part of our ear canal where there are thousands of glands. It is sticky and shiny substance. It coats the ear to moisturize it and fight against infection.2. Earwax also prevents from dust, dirt, and insects from entering the ear.3. It also works like a natural antibiotic,…

  • Human anatomy

    HUMAN DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

    Digestion involves the breaking of complex organic food molecules into simpler one by hydrolysis. Carbohydrates, proteins, fats and nucleic acids are large complex organic food molecules. They are insoluble and polymeric in nature. During digestion different enzymes helps in the breakdown of these complex polymers into soluble monomers which are required for energy generation.The different steps of digestion involve: Movement of food through the alimentary tract Secretion of digestive juices and digestion of food Absorption of water, various electrolytes, vitamins and digestive end products. Human digestive system mainly consists of two parts: 1) Alimentary tract and 2) secretory glands Alimentary tract It provides continuous supply of nutrients, vitamins, electrolytes and…

  • Human anatomy

    NERVOUS SYSTEM

    Nervous system is the most complex system in human. Its uniqueness is due to the vast complexity of thought process and control action it can perform. It co-ordinates physiological functions in human. Nervous tissue originates from ectoderm and is specialized for receiving stimuli and transmitted message. The nervous tissue consists of highly specialized cells called the neurons. Thus neurons are functional unit of nervous system. The detailed structure of a neuron is shown in Figure.   An Overview of Nervous System in animals. A neuron is mainly divided into two parts: 1) Cell body or cyton and 2) Cell process. Cyton It is a broader part of neuron which contains…

  • Human anatomy

    Human Eye: Anatomy, parts and structure

    The eye is the photo-receptor organ. Size and shape: Human eye is spherical about 2.5 cm in diameter. Location: it is situated on an orbit of the skull and is supplied by the optic nerve. There are 6 sets of muscles attached to the outer surface of the eyeball which helps to rotate it in a different direction. Four sets of these muscles are straight muscles; superior, inferior, medial and lateral rectal muscle and two sets are oblique muscles; superior and inferior oblique muscles. Structurally two eyes are separated but some of their activities are coordinated so that they function as a pair. The anatomical structure of Eye Eyeball consists…

error

Enjoy this blog? Please spread the word :)