• Video Notes

    Active Transport

    A few ions or molecules are transported across the membrane against their concentration gradient, i.e., from lower to higher concentration. Such type of transport is called active transport because it is an energy-dependent process in which ATP is utilised, e.g., Na+/K+ pump. https://youtu.be/visqfZd7Ms4 Active transport uses energy to pump molecules against a concentration gradient. Active transport is carried out by membrane-bound proteins. Hence, different proteins in the membrane play a major role in both active as well as passive transport. Cells undergoing active transport bear abundant mitochondria to provide ATP, needed to power active transport. Pumps are protein which can transport the substances. Active transport shows uphill transport because in…

  • Biochemistry,  Cell biology,  Q & A

    What is the function of the cell membrane?

    The cell membrane is otherwise called a Plasma membrane. It may be defined as the thin, elastic, semipermeable living membrane that serves as a boundary for the Cytoplasm. The Cell membrane is made up of glycoproteins and phospholipids. The Functions of the Cell membrane are as follows: Cell membrane or Plasma membrane is a┬ásemipermeable membrane┬ápresent around the Protoplasm. It acts as a boundary to the cell. It gives a definite shape to the Cell. It gives Mechanical support to the Cell. It protects cell contents. It regulates the exchange of materials into and out of the cell. The Sites for cell recognition are located on the surface of the Plasma…