• Biology


    In this lesson, we discussing five kingdom classification. Five kingdom classification is proposed by R.H.Whittaker in 1969. the kingdom defined by him were named Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia. In this lesson, we show a brief introduction to these kingdoms for more information on kingdom please visit a particular lesson on that kingdom. Main Criteria used for this classification are cell structure, thallus organization, mode of nutrients, reproduction and phylogenetic relationship. Besides these major characteristics, he has also given importance to characters of ecological role-played and mode of reproduction. Major criteria on which five-kingdom classification is based Criterion Kingdom Monera Protista Plantae Fungi Animalia Cell type Prokaryotic Eukaryotic Eukaryotic Eukaryotic Eukaryotic…

  • Biology,  Botony,  MCQ


    1. Lichens indicate SO2 pollution because of they (A) show association between algae and fungi (B) grow faster than others (C) are sensitive to SO2 (D) flourish in SO2 rich environment. Answer and Explanation: 1. (C): Lichens are found in Artie Tundra region where no other plant can grow. Lichens prefer to grow in pollution free environment. They are often used as an indicator of pollution and also they are very sensitive to SO2. They are first to die in a polluted environment (more SO2). 2. Absorptive heterotrophic nutrition is exhibited by (A) Algae (B) Fungi (C) Bryophytes (D) Pteridophytes Answer and Explanation: 2. (B): The true fungi or the eumycetes are special…

  • Biology,  Botony


    Position of Fungi During warm humid days slices of bread, chapati, leather belts or shoes, etc. develop powdery layer on them. In lawns and flower beds, mushrooms come out. These are all fungi. Fungi were earlier classified as plants without chlorophyll and without differentiation of parts into root, stem and leaves. They are now included, in a separate Kingdom Fungi. Characteristics of Fungi Fungi are multicellular eukaryotes Fungi exist as the slender thread-like filaments called hyphae. Hypha has many nuclei. Yeast, however, is single-celled. The cell walls are made of chitin A hypha may be divided into cells by partitions called septa. Septa have pores through which cytoplasm streams freely.…


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