• Q & A

    Q & A on Cell Structure

    Q: What is cell theory? Cell theory asserts that the cell is the constituent unit of living beings. Before the discovery of the cell, it was not recognized that living beings were made of building blocks like cells. The cell theory is one of the basic theories of Biology. Q:  Are there living beings without cells? Viruses are considered the only living beings that do not have cells. Viruses are constituted by genetic material (DNA or RNA) enwrapped by a protein capsule. They do not have membranes and cell organelles nor do they have self-metabolism. Q:  In 1665 Robert Hooke, an English scientist, published his book Micrographia, in which he…

  • Biochemistry,  MCQ


    [vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text] 1. Incomplete oxidation of glucose into pyruvic acid with several intermediate steps is known as (A) TCA-pathway (B) Glycolysis (C) HMS-pathway (D) Krebs cycle. Answer and Explanation: 1. (B) Glycolysis is the biochemical change in which one molecule of glucose is converted into 2 molecules of pyruvic acid with the involvement of ten enzymes. It is independent of oxygen and is common to both aerobic and anaerobic condition. It takes place in the cytoplasm and all the reactions are reversible. All the intermediates of glycolysis are not converted into pyruvic acid. Some of them build back the carbohydrates and the phenomenon is called oxidative anabolism. TCA cycle and Krebs…

  • Biochemistry


    Cellular respiration is the set of the metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and then release waste products. The reactions involved in respiration are catabolic reactions, which break large molecules into smaller ones, releasing energy in the process as weak so-called “high-energy” bonds are replaced by stronger bonds in the products. Respiration is one of the key ways a cell gains useful energy to fuel cellular activity. Cellular respiration is considered an exothermic redox reaction. The overall reaction is broken into many smaller ones when it occurs in the body, most of which are redox…


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