• Biochemistry,  Cell biology,  Genetics

    WHAT IS DNA?

    Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a molecule that carries most of the genetic instructions used in the development, functioning, and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses. DNA is a nucleic acid; alongside proteins and carbohydrates, nucleic acids compose the three major macromolecules essential for all known forms of life. DNA  stores instructions for making other large molecules, called proteins. These instructions are stored inside each of your cells, distributed among 46 long structures called chromosomes. These chromosomes are made up of thousands of shorter segments of DNA, called genes. Each gene stores the directions for making protein fragments, whole proteins, or multiple specific proteins. DNA is well-suited to…

  • Biochemistry,  Cell biology,  Genetics

    DNA REPLICATION

    DNA duplicates itself with complete fidelity for passing on genetic information to the next generation of cells. Replication may thus be defined as a mechanism for transmission of genetic information generation after generation. DNA Replication is Semi-Conservative DNA replication of one helix of DNA results in two identical helices. If the original DNA helix is called the “parental” DNA, the two resulting helices can be called “daughter” helices. Each of these two daughter helices is a nearly exact copy of the parental helix (it is not 100% the same due to mutations). DNA creates “daughters” by using the parental strands of DNA as a template or guide. Each newly synthesized…

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