BASIS FOR COMPARISON
The fundamental and functional unit of Kingdom Plantae of the Eukaryotic cells, having true nucleus along with the many organelles, specially the cell wall, chloroplast and the vacuoles.
Animal cells are also the basic unit of life of Kingdom Animalia of the Eukaryotic cells, having all the necessary organelles with specified functions.
Usually larger, which is fixed.
Smaller in size and irregular.
A plant cell is enclosed by rigid cell wall along with the plasma membrane.
The animal cell is enclosed by a flexible, thin plasma membrane only.
Present and lies on one side of the cell.
Present and lies in the centre of the cell wall.
Present with chloroplast in them.
Plastids are absent.
May be present.
Present in fewer number.
Present in large number.
Only one huge vacuole.
Animal cells contain many in numbers.
Rarely noticed in plant cells.
Plant cell contains chloroplast, which they use in storing energy.
Animal cells lack chloroplast and use mitochondria for energy storing purpose.
Present as starch.
Present as glycogen.
Synthesis of nutrients
They can synthesize all amino acids, vitamins and coenzymes.
They are not able to synthesize any amino acids, vitamins and coenzymes required by them.
Occurs by cell plate only.
Occurs by furrowing or constrictions.
Plant cell does not burst if placed in hypotonic solution.
Animal cells burst in hypertonic solution as they do not have the cell wall.