Difference between animal cell and plant cell?

Difference between animal cell and plant cell?Category: QuestionsDifference between animal cell and plant cell?
Sam asked 1 year ago

1 Answers
Aka answered 1 year ago

BASIS FOR COMPARISON
PLANT CELL
ANIMAL CELL

Meaning
The fundamental and functional unit of Kingdom Plantae of the Eukaryotic cells, having true nucleus along with the many organelles, specially the cell wall, chloroplast and the vacuoles.
Animal cells are also the basic unit of life of Kingdom Animalia of the Eukaryotic cells, having all the necessary organelles with specified functions.

Cell Size
Usually larger, which is fixed.
Smaller in size and irregular.

Cell Shape
Rectangular.
Round.

Enclosed by
A plant cell is enclosed by rigid cell wall along with the plasma membrane.
The animal cell is enclosed by a flexible, thin plasma membrane only.

Nucleus
Present and lies on one side of the cell.
Present and lies in the centre of the cell wall.

Centrosomes/Centrioles
Absent
Present

Plastids
Present with chloroplast in them.
Plastids are absent.

Cilia
Absent.
Usually present.

Glyoxysomes
May be present.
Absent.

Plasmodesmata
Present.
Absent.

Desmosomes/Tight junction
Absent.
Present.

Mitochondria
Present in fewer number.
Present in large number.

Vacuoles
Only one huge vacuole.
Animal cells contain many in numbers.

Lysosomes
Rarely noticed in plant cells.
Present.

Chloroplast
Plant cell contains chloroplast, which they use in storing energy.
Animal cells lack chloroplast and use mitochondria for energy storing purpose.

Reserve food
Present as starch.
Present as glycogen.

Synthesis of nutrients
They can synthesize all amino acids, vitamins and coenzymes.
They are not able to synthesize any amino acids, vitamins and coenzymes required by them.

Cytokinesis
Occurs by cell plate only.
Occurs by furrowing or constrictions.

Hypotonic/Hypertonic Solutions
Plant cell does not burst if placed in hypotonic solution.
Animal cells burst in hypertonic solution as they do not have the cell wall.

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